ARTISTS / ROBERT CAPA / ARTIST BIOGRAPHY [ VIEW THUMBNAILS ]

Robert Capa

(Hungarian, 1913-1954)

In 1938 Robert Capa was described as the greatest war photographer that ever lived by the Picture Post. Gallant, brave, and talented he covered critical conflicts in Europe and the Far East from the Spanish Civil War (where he took the famous photograph of the Fallen Loyalist Soldier), the Second Sino-Japanese War, World War II (including the landing of the troops in Normandy on D-Day), the Arab-Israeli War and the War in Indochina where he was ultimately killed by a land mine. In 1947 Capa founded Magnum Photo Agency with fellow photographers Henri Cartier-Bresson, George Roger, David Seymour (Chim) and William Vandivert.

CHRONOLOGY

1913

Born André Friedmann in Budapest to Jewish parents.

1931-1933

Leftist student activities forced him into exile from Hungary. Moved to Berlin and studied political science at the Deutsche Hochschule für Politik.

1932

Photographic assistant for Dephot photo agency. First assignment was to cover Leon Trotsky speaking to Danish students.

1933

Fled Berlin after Hitler took over, settled in Paris after short stays in Vienna and Budapest.

1935

Represented by Alliance Photo.
Met journalist and photographer Gerda Taro with whom he invented the name "Robert Capa". Began selling his prints under Capa name.

1937

Gerda Taro killed in Spain.
Signed contract with Life magazine.

1938

Traveled to China.

1939

Emigrated to New York.

1944

Covered the landing of American troops on Omaha beach on D-Day.

1945

Covered capture of Leipzig, Nuremberg and Berlin and liberation of Paris, and the Battle of the Bulge.

1947

Founded Magnum Photos with Henri Cartier-Bresson, David Seymour (Chim), George Rodger and William Vandivert.

1950-1953

Lived in Paris and served as President of Magnum.

1953

Passport suspended by U.S. government due to false accusations of Communism.

1954

Killed stepping on land mine while photographing for Life in Thai-Binh, Indochina.

1955

The Robert Capa Gold Medal Award established to reward exceptional professional merit.

SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS

2005-2006

"Robert Capa: Retrospective", Galerie Am Tunnel, Luxembourg
Traveled:
Nobel Peace Center, Oslo
Kunsthalle, Fellbach, Germany

2004-2005

"Robert Capa connu et inconnu", Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris, France
Traveled:  Martin Gropius Bau, Berlin, Germany

2002

"Slightly Out of Focus", Daimaru Museum, Tokyo, Japan

2000

"Robert Capa: Photographs", Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA

1999

"Heart of Spain: Capa's Photographs of the Spanish Civil War", Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain

1998

"Robert Capa Photographs" International Center of Photography, New York, NY

1997

"Robert Capa: A Retrospective", Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
Traveled:  Aperture Foundation, New York, NY

1995

"Capa's life", Tokyo Fuji Art Museum, Mitsukoshi, Tokyo, Japan

1991

"Robert Capa : A Retrospective", Sala de Exposiciones de la Disputacion, Burgos, Spain
Traveled:
Circulo de Bella Artes, Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venuzuela

1985

"Robert Capa: Photographs", International Center of Photography, New York, NY

1976

"Capa: emlèkkiàllilàs", Budapest Mücsarnok, Budapest, Hungary

1967

"Robert Capa: The Concerned Photographer", one of six one-man shows organized by the International Fund for Concerned Photography, Riverside Museum, New York, NY

1966

A Magyar Fotomüvészet Budapest, Hungary

1960

"Robert Capa: War Photographs", Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC
Traveled

SELECTED GROUP EXHIBITIONS

2006

"Circa. 1947: The Founding of Magnum", Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, NY

2002

"Israel", Musée d'art et d'histoire du Judaïsme, Paris, France

1991

"Children of War, Children of Peace", International Center of Photography, New York, NY

1990

"Capa and Capa" (with Cornell Capa), Mitsukoshi, Tokyo, Japan

1972

"The Eye as a Profession", (with a documentary film on Robert Capa), RAI Corporation Premio Italia, Turin, Italy

1964

"Images of War", Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC

1962

"Man's Inhumanity to Man" Red Cross Centenial, Photokina, Cologne, Germany

1959

"Photography in the Fine Arts" Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

1955

"The Family of Man" Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Traveled extensively

1952

"On Picasso" (with Gjon Mili), Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

2004

Robert Capa Connu et Inconnu. BNF éditions, Paris

2001

Robert Capa: The Definitive Collection. Phaidon Press Ltd, UK; (Robert Capa: La Collection. Phaidon Press, Paris)

1999

Heart of Spain. Aperture, New York

1996/01

Robert Capa: Photographs. Aperture, New York;
(Robert Capa: Photographies. Editions Nathan, Paris)

1991

Children of War, Children of Peace. Bulfinch Press, Boston

1990

Capa & Capa: Brothers in Photography. International Center of Photography, New York

1988

Robert Capa: Photographs from Israel. The Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv

1985

Robert Capa: Photographs. Alfred A. Knopf, New York;
(Robert Capa Photographe. Sylvie Messinger, Paris)
Robert Capa: A Biography. By Richard Whelan, Alfred A. Knopf, New York; Mazarine, Paris

1974

Robert Capa 1913-1954. Grossman Publishers, New York

1964/65

Images of War. Grossman Publishers, New York;
(Images de guerre. Hachette, Paris)

1950

Report on Israel. Text by Irwin Shaw. Simon and Schuster, Inc, New York

1948

A Russian journal. Text by John Steinbeck. Viking Press, New York

1947

Slightly Out of Focus. Henry Holt & Co, New York
(reprint: Modern Library, New York, 1999; Contrasto, Rome 2002; Delpire, France 2003)

1944

Invasion! Text by Charles C. Wertenbaker. D. Appleton Century Co, New York

1941

Battle of Waterloo Road. Text by Diana Forber-Robertson. Random House, New York

1938

Death in the Making. With Gerda Taro. Covici Friede, New York

SELECTED PUBLIC COLLECTIONS

International Center of Photography, New York, NY
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland
Musée national d'art contemporain, Paris, France
Cleveland Art Museum, Cleveland, OH
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA

AWARDS

1954

War Cross with Palm from the French Army (posthumously)

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